PARC SAMÀ IS A HISTORICAL GARDEN AMONG OTHER REASONS FOR THE VARIETY AND UNIQUENESS OF ITS BOTANIC SPECIES
We find some of these species while walking near its main architectonic and decorative elements.
The main promenade, in front of the palace façade, is composed by two rows of plane trees (Platanus orientalis) more than 20-metres high.
There are mandarin trees geometrically placed in a squared shape.
On the right hand side of the path, there is a group of large oak trees (Quercus robur).
In front of the house and around its square, there are some centenary trees as a linden (Tilia cordata) and several horse chestnut trees (Aesculus hippocastanum). Under the trees, we find the Shell Fountain with its water lilies (Nymphaea alba). Around the fountain, there are parterres with high Canary Island date palm trees (Phoenix canariensis) surrounded by groups of fan palms (Chamaerops excelsa and Chamaerops humilis) and some California fan palm tree (Washingtonia filifera).
Also, next to a bathtub-shaped marble bench, two good specimens of Brazilian yucca (Manihot esculenta).
A 25-METRES HIGH PALM TREE (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA) STANDS OUT ON THE RIGHT OF THE HOUSE
Also we can see two Mexican fan palm trees (Washingtonia robusta) and a wild date palm tree (Phoenix reclinata).
In the back façade of the house, to both sides of the cast iron water fountain, we can find two beautiful specimens of Canary Island palm trees (Phoenix canariensis). To the left, an exotic parterre with groups of all kinds of fan palms, stands out an uncommon palm called Mexican blue palm (Brahea armata) and a date palm (Phoenix dactylifera).
The central path is flanked by palm trees of different kinds and among them a great cypress stands out (Cupressus sempervirens), more than 30-meters high.
At the end of the path there is group of very high cedars (Cedrus deodara). Before reaching the Lake, four singular pine trees stand out: two Pinus halepensis and two Pinus pinea, of 20-meters.
THE ISLAND NEXT TO THE BRIDGE OVERLOOKING THE CANAL INCLUDES A BEAUTIFUL 20-METRES HIGH SWAMP CYPRESS (TAXODIUM DISTICHUM)
originally from the southwest of the United States.
Beautiful and very rare in Spain, it is about 20mrs, and its deciduous leaves, yellow in the spring, green in the summer and red-coloured in autumn, made it probably the most exotic tree in the park, since its singularity consists in the way its roots grow up and live inside the water.
Next to Viewpoint tower, two parterres with palm trees (Phoenix Canariensis) and beautiful white eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) surround the Parrots’ Pavilion. In the opposite side of the wall, there are two 20-metres high centenary hackberries (Celtis australis).
Extracted and adapted from “El Jardín Histórico del Marqués de Marianao. El Parc Samà de Cambrils, Tarragona”, by Esther Gutiérrez Escoda (2011)